Can Skin Tags Be Prevented?

no comments

cstbpThe skin tags may be very common to people of all ages, but they are still something that should be prevented or treated. Thousands of people every day are trying to find out how to home remove skin tags, since some aggressive treatments may be painful, or bring along side effects. However, it is still important to learn how those menaces can be prevented, and here are some lifestyle changes for everyone to try.

Simple sugars have always been very harmful for overall health, and that is a situation with skin tags, as well. Simply put, this is some kind of chain reaction, because too much sugar can lead to developing the type 2 diabetes, and people with this illness usually have more skin tags. Even the saturated fat can add some complications to the heart, as well as to the skin. The best way to avoid this is to switch to unsaturated fats, and add some fish and vegetables to the diet. The next important fighter against skin tags is yogurt, because it is full of bacteria that keep the immune system on the highest levels. It is also beneficial to learn how to home remove skin tags on the outside, which means the proper skin care is a must.

What To Do About Skin Tags In Children?

The good news is that skin tags are not life threatening, so kids can grow up healthy even with those little marks on their body. Nonetheless, there are not pleasant to see, and can lead to low self-esteem, especially in teenagers, so every parent should find out how to home remove skin tags.

When it comes to skin tags, parents are usually curious to find out why they actually appear. In some cases, children may be born with skin tags, and although they may not be harmful, it is always a good idea to remove them. Furthermore, this problem may be a result of viruses, such as HPV, which is contagious, and it usually happens at kids under ten years old. Many further studies have shown that skin tags mostly appear on overweight kids due to constant rubbing of some skin parts. Whatever the reason, if left untreated, this condition will not lead to any type of medical complications, but in case the kid keeps scratching that area, it may lead to bleeding. However, it is good to know how to home remove skin tags at kids only by using natural remedies, and some of those include juices from garlic and dandelion, as well as castor oil mixed with baking soda.

What IRS Tax Help Can Provide

no comments

tsfbSome people care less about their taxes and when the time comes that they are faced with issues, they do not know what to do. For this, private companies offer IRS tax help in order to assist those people who are in need of counseling. The tax help is a way of educating the individual on how to fix their tax problems. However, this is not only the case. IRS tax help companies also provide a venue for a taxpayer to file his/her tax return or obtain a tax form. Meanwhile, the telephone hotline or the official government website can be a source of information on the tax return.

Apart from this, solid tax help can also provide information on paying tax bills or debts. Of course, there are individuals who do not know what to do on their tax bills or debts. Thus, it is beneficial to seek assistance in order to know the process of payment. Whichever is convenient to the individual, you can always ask for help when it comes to this.

Where To Find An IRS Tax Help Center

In case you want to clarify any tax issues, you can seek an IRS tax help in order for you to be assisted properly. The goal of this tax help is to guide the individuals who are faced with penalties or who want to file a tax return. It is also a way of providing help whenever an individual is confused about paying the next tax responsibilities. However, some people do not know where this tax help can be found. Basically, this is often provided in the IRS official website. Aside from this, the tax help can also be availed at different community centers.

In case you plan to seek for a personal appointment on an IRS agent, you have to find a tax help center near you. Most of the time, the official government site of the Internal Revenue Service has an office locator. This can help you make an appointment for the tax issues you are facing. But, if the office locator cannot find a tax help center, you can use the map or provide the state in the graph placed on their website. Just ensure that when seeking IRS tax help, you are dealing with the right people and credible sources. Several scams exist nowadays so better avoid this.

Meet The Nuvie Skin Care Serum

no comments

mtnscsWomen want to have young skin at every age, but finding the right product is very challenging. Not only that some products may not work but they can cause serious side-effects that may affect your overall health. One of the favorite products on the market is NuVie Skin Care Serum, and here are some facts that NuVie review tells about this product.

Above anything else, this serum has special ingredients that can be nothing but beneficial on woman’s skin. Those are Matrilyx 3000 that can encourage the collagen production, Coenzyme Q10 that takes care of DNA repair, and prevents wrinkle appearance, and Ceramide-2 that keeps the skin hydrated. Besides that, the serum is full of natural antioxidants that bring back the healthy glow to the skin. The product is easy to use, and one should only wash the face, put the serum on face and neck area, and wait for results. It would be easy to notice that wrinkles have disappeared, the skin is dramatically repaired, and the aging process will slow down. Satisfied customers in NuVie review say that the serum is great for any skin type, it does not show any side effects, and they were happy to get the trial version before purchase.

Nuvie Serum As An Alternative To Botox

Although women always want to look young, and try to wash away the wrinkles, they rarely agree to get injected with Botox. This may be the most effective procedure, but it still brings along many side effects, and possible bad results, so the best alternative is the NuVie Serum that gives immediate results after applying. As this skin cream review site says, this product makes the women’s dreams come true, since they only have to massage it gently and enjoy Botox effects.

When buying an anti-aging product, the most important is to find the one that is effective, but non invasive, and the NuVie gives the satisfaction without any painful procedures. Botox is dangerous enough, and no woman wants the products that cause infections, swelling or irritations, and with NuVie, there is no need for worries. The Botox can only gives the result one wants, but it does not do anything for the future. The NuVie serum is full of antioxidants that help the skin age healthy, but without stubborn wrinkles. Getting a Botox injection costs hundreds of dollars and the effect lasts only a couple of months, but NuVie is much cheaper and healthier alternative. Just like one customer in the NuVie review said, it is so refreshing to have the wrinkles erased, without pain, and without going through recovery period as with Botox.

Cheap Data Recovery Tools

no comments

There are two great tools that will help your computer perform at its most optimal. The flash drive is a great back up tool for your computer. You can use this computer tool to transfer information from one computer to another relatively easy without having to rely on another tool. You simply insert your flash drive into your computer and place the desired files onto the flash drive with just one click. Another great tool is a external hard drive. With an external hard drive you will more memory space than a flash drive. This means your possibilities for backing up your entire computer system are there. With a flash drive you will have a limited amount of memory space meaning you will have to delete some information to put more in. The external hard drive space can be up to 1 terabyte of space meaning all your information can be placed on it at the same time.

Flash drives and external hard drives are both data recovery hardware that will allow you to back up your computer easily. There are all types of threats that can befall your computer on a regular basis including viruses and other types of malware which can hinder the hard drive recovery process.

Recovering your computer information can be a very timely and expensive one especially if you have allowed your computer to completely crash. Usually a computer will not completely crash until it has given you some signs that there are some problems. These signs include the click of doom which is your hard drive trying to maintain its read-write actuator, but is unable. As your computer suffers more abuse from malware such as Trojans and viruses it will naturally slow down the functions and features of your computer. Things such as uploading and downloading data will take days to even complete.

Nurses Frequently Do Doctors’ Jobs

no comments

nfdj

The next time you go to see a doctor, odds are good that you’ll actually see a nurse. Today, about 160,000 advanced-practice nurses — registered nurses (R.N.’s) with additional training — are giving checkups, delivering babies, caring for pregnant women, and administering anesthesia in the operating room. Some work alongside doctors in private practices and hospitals; others see patients on their own. The trend is growing because of a shortage of family doctors, as well as a meteoric rise in health-care costs. In under-staffed hospitals and clinics, nurses enable doctors to spend more time on difficult cases. And at salaries that average about 40 percent of primary-care physicians’, advanced-practice nurses can in some cases save money for medical groups and insurers. The savings, however, aren’t usually passed along to the consumer.

At least one health maintenance organization (HMO), Oxford Health Plans Inc., of Norwalk, CT, has begun a pilot program that allows members to choose an advanced-practice nurse instead of a doctor as a primary-care
provider — the first line of defense when you get sick. These nurses are able to prescribe drugs and admit patients to the hospital. They work closely with physicians at Columbia Presbyterian Medical Center in New York City, referring patients who need a specialist or emergency care. And, perhaps most surprisingly, they are reimbursed at doctor rates.

But is an advanced-practice nurse really qualified to provide primary care? The American Medical Association (AMA) says yes, as long as she’s certified by a national nursing organization in her area of expertise, which can range from primary care to gynecology to pediatrics, and licensed as an R.N. The AMA also recommends that an advanced-practice nurse work closely with a doctor.
Advanced-practice nurses are trained to conduct physical exams, diagnose and treat minor illnesses and injuries, order lab tests and X rays and interpret results, and counsel patients. Some physicians who care for women say that a well-trained advanced-practice nurse is as competent as a general physician when it comes to taking a Pap smear or diagnosing vaginitis or menstrual discomfort. “An advanced-practice nurse who regularly performs colposcopy [when doctors look at a woman's cervix to rule out cancer], for example, will generally do it better than a physician who performs them only sporadically
because she does it so often,” says Mitzi Krockover, M.D., medical director for the Iris Cantor-UCLA Women’s Health Center and an assistant clinical professor of medicine at the University of California at Los Angeles.

nc

Research backs up claims of advanced-practice nurses’ competence. A recent review of 210 studies comparing the care given by doctors and nurses-such as resolution of medical problems and patient satisfaction — found that nurses perform as well as physicians. Studies also indicate that nurses tend to take a more detailed medical history before recommending therapy, and are more likely to suggest alternatives to medication — even when they have the authority to prescribe drugs. Despite this, nurses don’t have the training of primary-care doctors, and may not be able to diagnose serious illnesses with more ambiguous symptoms, such as cancer or heart disease. “Nurses aren’t trained to son out complexities,” says M. Roy Schwarz, M.D., an immunologist and former group vice president for professional standards at the AMA. Although nurses are taught to refer patients to doctors when necessary, a
consumer should demand to see a physician if she has any symptoms that persist, such as headache, chest pain, or change in the color or consistency of the stool; or if her symptoms are vague and nonspecific. Whether you’re being treated in a public, private, or HMO setting, you have the right to see a doctor. Your best bet for assessing your advanced-practice nurse’s competence is to make sure she’s a a licensed R.N. and certified within her area of expertise. You should also check her educational background; a nurse with a master’s degree obviously has more training than one with only a bachelor’s or associate’s degree. Finally, she should be able to name a physician that she uses for referrals. Dr. Schwarz advises asking whether a physician will review her diagnoses and treatment plans. “If the answer is yes, you can relax,” he
says.

Even if you are happy with your advanced-practice nurse, consider consulting a doctor periodically (every two to three years if you’re healthy; every six months to a year if you have a chronic illness, like diabetes, or if your age, lifestyle, or family history puts you at higher risk for certain disorders).

How Much Should A Healthy Person Weigh?

no comments

hmsahpwYou know how to figure out what your weight should be, right? You just look at the chart in your doctor’s office, find you frame type and height, and that’s it. But wait! What about the rule that says: Start at 100 pounds and add five more for every inch over five feet? Or the stuff on body fat percentage, waist-hip
ratio, or any number of other formulas that are supposed to tell you whether or not you’re overweight? Add to all this the fact that women feel pressured by our small-minded culture to be skinny — skinnier, in fact, than most of us ought to be — and it’s no wonder we’re so confused! That pressure increased with a highly publicized 1995 Harvard University study. According to some new
reports, the study proved that the very skinniest among us were the healthiest — and putting on any weight with age was bad news. But that was a misinterpretation, says the study’s author, JoAnn Manson, M.D.,
codirector of women’s health at Brigham and Women’s Hospital at Harvard Medical School. The study tracked women ages 30 to 55 over a 16-year period, and Dr. Manson did find that the slimmest subjects in each height
group had the lowest mortality rates. But a woman had to be really overweight for the risk to increase significantly. For example, in the case of a five feet five inch woman, risk factors didn’t kick in until after 150 pounds. Furthermore, the doctor points out that her study suggests avoiding substantial weight
gain — that is, more than 20 to 25 pounds — with aging.

U.S. government guidelines, which were also revised in 1995, are consistent with Dr. Manson’s findings. A healthy weight for someone measuring five feet five inches, according to the guidelines, is in the 114- to 150-pound range. The big news, however, is not so much that “ideal” weights have changed, but that many experts are now thinking of those figures as merely a starting point. Ultimately, they hope to get people away from numbers, and closer to a more realistic and individual view of what healthy weight really means.

hwa

Getting Personal

It’s important to understand that even the most up-to-the-minute guidelines for healthy weights are just
averages, and therefore don’t address individual susceptibilities — or strengths. “Look at Winston Churchill,” says Michael Hamilton, M.D., director of the Duke University Diet and Fitness Center in Durham, NC. “He overate, drank too much, smoked cigars, and you never saw a picture of him in a jogging suit — but
he lived to be ninety. It’s like gambling; being fat does increase your chances of dying or getting sick, but it doesn’t mean you’re going to.”

Similarly, being slim doesn’t guarantee you anything if you have bad health habits or genes working against you. Diane Cheatham, 37, of Port Republic, MD, is quite slender; at five feet six inches, she weighs only
115 pounds. But last year, she received a diagnosis of severe osteoporosis. A former heavy smoker and non- exerciser, she also has a family history of the disease. Cheatham is currently in a treatment program that includes workouts to help strengthen her muscles (and consequently, her bones), which will probably result in her gaining weight — and being healthier. That’s why the new guidelines provide such a wide range of acceptable weights: Many factors influence what’s right for you.

Figuring Your Weight Factors

Doctors worry most about patients’ excess pounds because of three potential killers: heart disease, high blood pressure; and diabetes. Anything that affects your chances of getting those diseases should figure into your decisions on whether to lose weight. Here, six points to consider:

* Family history. “Having grandfather who died of a heart attack at ninety has absolutely no significance,” says Reubin Andres, M.D., clinical director of the National Institute on Aging in Baltimore. “But if you have a primary relative — a parent or sibling — who had a heart attack before age sixty (for men, it’s
fifty), or a similarly strong family history of diabetes or high blood pressure, you’d probably be better off with your weight at the lower end of the normal range.”

* Your own medical profile. If you have low cholesterol, low blood pressure, and normal blood sugar, you don’t need to be as concerned about what might otherwise be considered excess weight, according to Dr. Hamilton. Exercise physiologist Dana Brown, of George Washington University School of Medicine’s Women’s, DC, works with a 41-year-old woman who, at five feet eight inches and 220 pounds, would normally fall in the health danger zone. “But by every measure — aerobic capacity, muscular strength, endurance, flexibility, blood pressure, blood sugar, cholesterol — she’s extremely healthy,” says Brown. “She’s here because she wants to slim down, which is fine. But it would be hard to justify telling her she should lose weight.”

* Weight distribution: “If your extra weight is around your hips, thighs, and buttocks, these are sort of safe places to have it,” says Dr. Andres. Conversely, if you’re thick through the middle, it means you probably have a fair amount of visceral fat — that is, fat within the abdominal cavity, which is strongly
linked to cardiovascular disease and diabetes risk. How do you know when your stomach size is unhealthy? The expect concensus is that a woman should take notice — and action — if her waist measures more than 35
inches.

* Diet. What you eat can count for more than how much you eat and what you weigh. A diet high in fats, especially saturated ones, trends to boost the amounts of visceral fat and blood cholesterol — and, consequently the risk of heart disease, high blood pressure, and diabetes.

* Exercise program. Even if exercise doesn’t help you lose an ounce, you still get a lot of health credits. It not only gives your heart a healthy workout, but it also minimizes visceral fat and decreases a variety of other risk factors for the Big Three killers.

* Lean body mass. If you work out regularly, you’re probably “thinner” in terms of body fat than the scale indicates. “There’s no easy way to measure your percentage of body fat, but you don’t need a sophisticated test,” says Dr. Hamilton, “Just take off your clothes, and stand in front of a mirror.” Have more muscle than mush? Then the odds are you can afford to pack more poundage than a couch potato of the same height. IF YOU CONCLUDE THAT YOU SHOULD slim down, “even a modest loss — as little as five to ten percent of your current weight — can have importance health benefits, such as lowering blood pressure, improving cholesterol levels, and lowering blood sugar,” says Dr. Manson. Even when a person is extremely overweight, the new medical emphasis is on the sort of loss that can be sustained. Actually, the first line of defense is to try to stop gaining weight, since we tend to put on pounds with
age. If you’re not overweight to begin with, ten to 15 more pounds, spread over a decade or two, isn’t going to make much difference healthwise, according to Dr. Manson. The gain should, however, serve as warning to change your eating and exercise habits so you don’t find yourself sliding up into the 20-pounds-plus area.

The Case Of The Dangerous Dermatologist

no comments

ddGerri Poe(*) will never forget the visit she made to her new dermatologist 11 years ago. She had an appointment to have some unsightly moles removed, and while she was waiting, she noticed a boldly headlined poster on the wall: CAN YOU SPOT A KILLER WHEN YOU SEE ONE? It listed the ABCs of the warning signs for
moles that can turn into cancerous melanoma: A for asymmetry, B for irregular borders, and C for varied colors. Poe became worried that some of her moles fit the description. Poe, a petite, fair-skinned woman who was then in her mid-20s, had found the doctor’s listing in the phone book. The ad featured a drawing of the pretty physician, with a promise: “Allyn Beth Landau, M.D., helps her patients to achieve and maintain healthy, natural good looks.” Landau, the ad said, was not only a doctor, but also a “scientific beauty expert.” Poe liked the sound of all that, plus the fact that Landau was on her insurance plan.

But that day in the San Francisco waiting room, Poe began to feel uneasy. The doctor’s office “had a
flamboyantly feminine feel,” she recalls — decorated in vibrant florals, with a bright red couch shaped
like a pair of lips. When Landau, an attractive ash-blond woman, then in her mid-30s, introduced herself to
Poe, she apologized for her appearance, explaining that she’d had a disastrous date the night before with a
guy who turned out to be a jerk. Poe was taken aback. “Doctors just don’t talk that way.” At another point,
Poe saw Landau walking through the officer carrying a little fluffy white dog in her arms.
Landau examined Poe and later made a note on the office chart that her medical assistant (someone who is not
legally allowed to perform surgical procedures without a doctor in the room) should see Poe on subsequent
visits. Poe made three more appointments, but that first day was the only time Landau attended to her.
Then ten moles, scattered on Poe’s left arm, neck, and torso, were removed by the assistant, without event
– until she came to one on Poe’s arm. Unlike the others, this one wasn’t raised, but embedded in the skin.
The assistant injected the mole with anesthesia to make it swell so she could shave it off and send a tissue
sample to a lab. The procedure didn’t go well: “She kept sawing at my arm,” says Poe. “There was a lot of
bleeding, and I began to question what she was doing.” The assistant tried to reassure her, but Poe remained
nervous.

After that experience, Poe decided not to return to Landau’s office. She received a bill from the
pathologist, but never heard from Landau’s office, so she assumed the model had not been cancerous. After
the scab went away, the mole was still there, and it soon returned to its original appearance. (It would
later be revealed that not all the tissue below the surface had been excised.) Poe decided to have the mole
checked again by a different doctor. This time she got a call when the lab report came back: It was a
stage-three melanoma — already quite advanced.

st“I was very frightened and angry,” says Poe, whose great-aunt died of melanoma. “I though I’d done everything I could to prevent skin cancer. But a whole year had gone by, and I had done nothing.” She had to have surgery to remove the cancerous tissue, along with some of her lymph nodes. “I had a big chunk taken
out of my arm,” she says. It took a long time for the wound to heal, and she still feels embarrassed when wearing short-sleeve shirts, but Poe survived. Ten years later, she is cancer-free. Stephen Bemis wasn’t so lucky. The shy San Francisco bachelor, whose face was slightly pitted from adolescent acne, saw Landau for collagen injections that can temporarily plump up and improve the appearance
of uneven skin. During one of his visits, in February 1986, Landau removed a mole on Bemis’s face and sent out a tissue to be tested. Like Poe, Bemis said he never heard from Landau’s office again, except for a phone call in which an assistant questioned why his check had bounced. He assumed he was fine. When the mole started to grow back, Bemis went to another dermatologist in June, who also failed to diagnose the melanoma. By November, the male was much darker and larger, and Bemis went to a third dermatologist.
This time the diagnosis was clear: stage-four melanoma. Bemis underwent surgery, radiation, and
chemotherapy, by the cancer continued to grow, eating away to his face, and eventually spreading throughout
his body. In June 1987, he filed a malpractice lawsuit against Landau, which was settled in February 1989.
(He also sued and settled with the second dermatologist.) Two months later, Bemis was dead.
No one should ever die from melanoma,” says Michael Franzblau, M.D., a spokesperson for the American Academy
of Dermatology who is a clinical professor of dermatology at the University of California School of Medicine
in San Francisco. “It’s curable disease — if caught early,” he says. Dr. Franzblau and other dermatologists
interviewed say, from their understanding of the case, that Poe was indeed lucky — her melanoma could have
become incurable during the time she went without treatment — and that Bemis’s death was an unnecessary
tragedy.

Physicians, though, are human, and occasionally they fail to make a difficult diagnosis, or don’t follow up
on an ambiguous pathology report. But Landau’s practice had all the warning signs of trouble, according to
the California Medical Board, medical ethicists, and other physicians in the community who knew her. To wit,
Landau was a solo practitioner who had no partners or hospital privileges. She specialized in high-priced
cosmetic procedures and advertised heavily, a practice some physicians say is a hallmark of a doctor more
interested in money than medicine. She practiced dermatology, but was not board-certified. (Doctors are not
required to be board-certified for these procedures, but many consider that an important qualification.) She
had an informal, overly personal office manner, as one former patient put it, “It was somewhere between a
beauty salon and a doctor’s office.” Any good doctor might have one of these characteristics, but together,
“they create the profile of a doctor to look out for,” says Alfredo Terrazas, California’s deputy attorney
general.

The San Francisco District Attorney’s office had been investigating Landau since the late-1980′s. A long
list of complaints had been lodged against her: Patients were offered Valium or white wine in the waiting
room; untrained office staff performed medical procedures; and insurance companies were billed for medical
procedures that were actually expensive cosmetic procedures that patients had been told were “free
demonstrations.” By 1988, the California Medical Board was called in as well, and Terrazas joined the effort
in 1990. Terrazas had extensive negotiations with Landau, asking her to “comport and revamp her practice
into conformity.” but he says she continued to deny any wrongdoing at all. All the while, Landau ran slick
ads in local magazines (some featured retouched photos of her), and lived a lifestyle that some called
lavish — with designer clothes, expensive cars, and high-profile society engagements. She became known
around town as the “Collagen Queen”; her ads boasted that she administered “the most collagen in Northern
California.”

By this time, Poe went to a law firm to look into a malpractice suit against Landau; it turned out by
coincidence, to be the same one Bemis had gone to. “There are good doctors who make tragic mistakes,” says
their lawyer, Paul Melodia, who specializes in medical malpractice. “But [Landau] took a cavalier approach
to the practice of medicine.” When both lawsuits were settled — Poe received $137,000, and Bemis received
an undisclosed sum, which was quite a bit larger — the California Medical Board, as required by law, was
notified.

istrocIn 1993, Terrazas, on behalf of the California Medical Board, filed a complaint against Landau, and the prosecution process dragged on until 1995. Landau appealed various court rulings holding that her license be revoked. (She was allowed to continue practicing during these appeals, which spanned almost two years.) Finally, at a hearing in March 1996, a superior court judge ruled that Landau’s handling of Poe’s and Bemis’s cases was grossly negligent, and he upheld the California Medical Board’s decision to revoke her license. He found that she failed to follow up or notify either patient that pathology reports indicated that there was insufficient tissue to rule out cancer, and that another biopsy, in both cases, was called for. He also said that it was “unconscionable” that Landau had allowed an untrained assistant to perform surgical procedures, and he called her testimony to the contrary “contradictory and confused.”
Landau has appealed the board’s decision, asking that her case be reheard; a decision is expected by the end
of the year. If her license remains revoked, she has the right to reapply in three years, but in the
meantime, she can’t practice, and she will have to prove that she’s been rehabilitated. She can do this by
taking continuing-education classes in her specialty or doing charitable work in a non medical area to prove
that she’s trustworthy and dependable.

Throughout the trial, Landau denied the charges and produced supporters. Paul Hirsch, a Beverly Hills dermal
pathologist who testified on her behalf, said that the lab test results in the case of Bemis gave Landau no
reason to make a diagnosis of melanoma, and that the blame should fall on the lab and on the second doctor,
(Steven Bemis’s attorney did sue the lab, which settled out of court.)

Tony Tanke, Landau’s attorney, argues that while his client did make some mistakes, the penalty she received
was far too harsh. “She has been singled out for extremely unfair and discriminatory treatment,” he says.
“Every other doctor who makes mistakes winds up with thirty days’ suspension and then a monitored,
supervised practice.” Tanke says the medical board went after Landau because other physicians didn’t like
her advertising and flamboyant style. “Dr. Landau was regarded by other dermatologist as somebody who
should’ve been a cosmetologist. The fact that she had an M.D. after her name and was making all that money
on collagen treatments made her the subject of some attention and jealously.”

How To Feel Younger Immediately

no comments

On a weekend getaway, you climb five flights of stairs to see the view from an old church — just as you
did on your honeymoon — but now you’re out of breath by the third landing, Your wardrobe has devolved into
thigh-length sweaters, blazers, and slacks with elastic waistbands. Whatever happened to the robust health
you took for granted not so long ago? Never mind where it went — what’s important is that you can get it back. No longer do we have to rely on the age-old advice to “take some tonic and get fresh air.” We have years of scientific inquiry for guidance.
Here, the latest on how to turn back the clock.

1. Eat Strategically

fcadLooking for the next-best thing to a youth potion? Try foods containing antioxidants — substances that neutralize chemicals believed to contribute to most age-related problems, including heart disease, cancer, and even wrinkles. Fruits and vegetables are high in antioxidants, as are garlic, red wine (drink in
moderation), green tea and, soy (try miso soup and tofu). Eat at least two servings of fruits and three servings of vegetables daily. Choose deep-colored foods, because their dark hues may mean they contain more antioxidants. Also, steam or stir-fry vegetables, since baking and boiling can destroy their age-fighting properties.

2. Get Fit

The fastest way to feel ten years younger is to exercise aerobically for 30 minute — all at once or in
three 10-minute spurts — on most days of the week, says Kenneth Cooper, M.D., president of the Cooper
Aerobics Center in Dallas. Not only do regular workouts boost mood, energy, and alertness, they lower the
risks of heart disease, cancer and osteoporosis. New research shows that exercise protects against breast
cancer in particular (see “Health Check,” page 44). Working out also strengthens the immune system. In one
study, women who walked briskly 45 minutes a day, five times a week, had half as many colds and bouts with
the flu as non exercisers.

Do anything that gets you moving: Jog, swim, bike, dance, chase the children around the house, take the dog
for a power walk. Even gardening counts. Alternate among two or three of these activities to work a greater
range of muscles — and avoid boredom.

Don’t forget about strength training. “From age twenty on, sedentary people lose one percent of their muscle
mass each year,” says Debbie Herlax-Durga, an exercise physiologist in Walnut Creek, CA. “By age forty,
that’s twenty percent. The flabbier muscles are, the less glycogen [muscle fuel] they can store, and the
less strength and stamina you have.” So do a few simple strength-training routines at home, three times a
week. They should take about ten to 15 minutes. Herlax-Durga recommends a ten-to twenty-dollar investment in
a pair of three-to five-pound dumbbells or a rubber exercise band, which is about four inches wide and three
feet long. and comes in different resistance levels. Both are sold in sporting goods stores or through
catalogs such as Fitness Wholesale (800-537-5512). To strengthen a weak upper body (common in women), try
these routines — either sitting or standing. Do eight to 12 repetitions of each.

* Rowing: Keeping your arms parallel to the floor, hold the band or weights in front of your chest (at
armpit level) with your hands about six inches apart. Slowly bring your elbows toward your back, like you’re
squeezing a pencil with your shoulder blades. Hold for two seconds, then bring them forward again. (If this
is too difficult, use lighter weights or a band with less resistance; if it’s too easy, switch to heavier
weights or a band with more resistance.)

* Biceps curl: If you’re using a band stand on end and hold the other in one hand. With your palm facing
upward, slowly curl the band up to your shoulder, using only the lower part of your arm. Keep your elbow
close to your body and your upper arm straight. With weights, use the same motions. Repeat with the other
arm.

3. Stop Smoking

Aside from killing you, smoking causes bad breath, discovered teeth, and shortness of breath — all of which
make you look and feel decades older. Plus, smoking can lead to sallow, wrinkled skin, and gaunt features.
The good news: Quitting is likely to make you feel better almost immediately (some people may experience
withdrawal symptoms, but these are usually short-lived). Within hours, breathing returns to normal and bad
breath vanishes. Within days, walking becomes easier and food tastes better. Within months, fatigue
decreases. Within one year, heart-disease risk is half that of a smoker.

4. Pamper Your Skin

pysIf you wear a Sun Protection Factor (SPF) 15 (or higher) sunscreen and a hat every time you go outside, you can actually undo sun damage over a period of five years or more, says Albert Kligman, M.D., a professor of dermatology at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine in Philadelphia. While you may be able to slightly accelerate the repair process by using skin-care products containing alpha-hydroxy acids, “the less you do to your skin, the better,” Dr. Kligman claims. His advice: Every day was with a mild liquid soap such
as Dove or Oil of Olay, and apply moisturizer with an SPF 15 sunscreen and a peasize dab of Retin-A to keep skin supple.

5. De-Stress

Countless studies have documented the benefits of chilling out. Fatigue disappears; backaches vanish; colds
and flu are kept at bay; blood pressure drops; and chronic conditions such as migraine, irritable bowel
syndrome, insomnia, and adult acne improve. The best ways to de-stress:

* Exercise. A 30-minute aerobic workout increases the brain’s alpha-wave activity — an indicator of
relaxation — and its production of soothing neurochemicals called endorphins.

* Try the “relaxation response. Choose a word, sound, or prayer, and repeat it to yourself or aloud to focus
your mind. When everyday thoughts intrude, disregard them and return to your repetition.

* Streamline. If you find yourself panicking over how to fit all your obligations into one lifetime, examine
what “extras” you can live without.

* Adjust your attitude. Some things are beyond your control, and others aren’t worth it. Be more selective
about your worries.

6. Slim Down

sdShaving off excess body weight may not let you slip into a size ten again, but it can help you live longer — and feel better. If your body-mass index (BMI) is over 26 (see “What’s Your BMI?,” page 138), weight loss can help prevent high blood pressure, heart disease, cancer, and diabetes. It can also fight fatigue. “Often, overweight people forget what it’s like to feel energetic,” says David S. Bell, M.D., author of Curing Fatigue. “The fatigue that accompanies being overweight tends to be the gentle, nagging type that’s easy to get used to.” For more information on dropping pounds, see “How Much Should You Weigh — Really?”

(page 111).

Some tips from researches who have studied successful dieters:

* Perseverance pays. Few people manage to maintain initial weight loss.

* Regular exercise is essential

* Planning healthful, low-calorie meals is key.

7. Drink Water

Water is a surprising rejuvenator of mind and body. Upping intake improves breathing; lubricates joints and
muscles, possibly preventing backache; and fights fatigue. Drink eight eight-ounce glasses of water per day. Consume even more when you’re exercising, traveling by plane, or dieting. And remember, alcohol, coffee, and caffeinated tea (herbal brews are okay) act as diuretics. For every cup of coffee or glass of wine. drink eight ounces of water.

8. Sit Up Straight

Poor posture causes shallow breathing, which impairs circulation and depletes energy. Over time, it causes
improper alignment of joints and ligaments, and can lead to back pain. Can You Buy Youth in a Bottle?

Health-food stores would like you to believe you can. Here’s what experts have to say about some popular
supplements making antiaging claims: Melatonin Made by the pineal gland, this hormone regulates our sleep/wake cycles. Because production dwindles as we age, supporters say that taking synthetic supplements helps turn back the clock.
Unfortunately, there’s no evidence of this effect in humans. Bottom line: Wad for more definitive research.
Ginseng This herb is said to boost energy and concentration, and reduce stress. But research is scarce, and
long-term side effects are unknown. Bottom line: Save your money and exercise.
Coenzyme Q-10 An antioxidant found in the body, this substance is thought to fight aging because its
production begins to decline at age 20. It’s being studied to treat head enlargement and heart failure, but
side effects are unknown. Bottom line: Await further research. Dhea Like Coenzyme Q-10, DHEA is produced by the body, and is found in smaller amounts after age 20. Supporters claim that taking 50 milligrams (mg) of the hormone daily — an amount equal to levels found in young adults — increases energy and improves immune function. But no studies investigating these claims
have been done on humans, and DHEA may cause acne, elevate cholesterol levels, and even increase heart
disease risk, because it’s converted into the male hormone testosterone. Bottom line: Don’t take it.
Vitamin C Research has shown that it may help stave off heart disease, cancer, and cataracts — especially
in high doses (up to 1,000 mg). But extremely high daily doses of Vitamin C (more than 10,000 mg) can cause
kidney stones and diarrhea. Bottom line: Feel free to take it in moderate doses.

Saving The Smallest Victims

no comments

Angelica was a beautiful baby. “She was perfect,” says Carmen Collazo, a 28-year-old police officer with the Eighty-third Precinct in the Bushwick section of Brooklyn. “She had very dark hair, straight, but with a little bit of a curl at the ends. She had all ten fingers, all ten toes. She was lovely.

I’ll never forget that face,” adds fellow officer Jane Penney, 33. It was Penney who responded to a 911 call and pulled the five-and-a-half-pound newborn from a Dumpster outside a local bodega. On the way to the hospital, she performed CPR. “The baby was cold,” Penney remembers. “Cold and stiff and blue, so I knew … but still, you have to try.”

stsv

At Wycoff Heights Medical Center, Penney and Collazo — who’d answered a 911 call from the hospital and was already there, waiting — held hands and prayed as doctors tried to breathe life back into Angelica’s tiny body. But after frantically working for 45 minutes, they saw it was no use. On March 18, at 10:45 A.M., the little girl was pronounced dead.

Penney thought of her own little girls, ages 5 and 3, and then of the child who would soon be buried in an anonymous grave. Penney hadn’t been able to save her life, but she and Collazo decided there were two things they could do — give her a name and a proper burial. It was Collazo who came up with the name: Angelica Evergreen. They got a public administrator to appoint them the baby’s guardians, and they bought a bracelet with her name on it. Fellow officers gave her a christening gown to be buried in. Donations were also made by the cemetery, funeral home, and florist.

Pictures taken by the precinct photo unit show the sleek black limousine that carried Angelica’s little white coffin from the funeral home to the church where her solemn funeral Mass was celebrated. What they don’t show is Penney punching a wall when the doctors pronounced Angelica dead or a weeping Collazo taking the rosary beads from Angelica’s casket and slipping them around her own neck. Like all police officers, they’ve been trained to contain their emotions; but when you talk to them about Angelica, and other children who’ve been made to suffer, their sorrow, anger, and frustration are palpable.

“I just don’t appreciate people throwing babies in Dumpsters,” says Penney. “I see so many kids being neglected, sexually abused, beaten, burned. I always seem to get the cases involving children, and I take each one to heart.”

“You wouldn’t believe the circumstances in which these children live,” Collazo adds. “It’s not a crime to be poor; I grew up in the projects myself. But there’s no excuse for mattresses on the floor and maggots crawling out of the refrigerator.”

Social service agencies that handle such cases make strenuous efforts to keep children and police officers from forming bonds of affection. “But you can’t help it; you get attached,” says Penney, who tells of station-house officers buying toys for kids or taking them out for pancakes or pizza. Last year, she and Collazo had to remove a little boy from an abusive home the day before he was to graduate from kindergarten. After cutting through miles of red tape, the officers were granted custody of the child long enough to take him to the ceremony and then throw him a party — with presents.

There will be no kindergarten graduation for Angelica. But Collazo and Penney have petitioned their superiors to let them start a child-abuse prevention program that might help save the next Angelica. Or the next. “Not that you can change the world, but you try,” says Penney. “You have to keep trying.”